- subject + verb/verb +
Examples: He plays tennis. She studies English.
- subject + do/does not +
Examples: He doesn't play tennis. She doesn't study English.
- do/does + subject +
Example: Do you study English?
- To refer to habitual or repeated actions:
- I read the Bible just about every day.
- She never goes to the cinema.
- He doesn't come here very often.
- Do you smoke?
- With the present simple, frequency adverbs are often used (e.g. usually, always, frequently, generally, sometimes, rarely, often, never, normally, every day).
- To refer to permanent states:
- She holds a university degree in economics.
- Note: use the present perfect, not the present simple when describing how long or since when something has continued:
- She has
taught economics since 1991. (not
She has teaches economics since 1991)
- To talk about factual information, such as generally
accepted truths or scientific facts:
- Parents are generally blind to their children's faults.
- Water boils at 100įC.
- The following frequency adverbs are often used: generally, normally, usually
- To give instructions (e.g. cooking) or
- First, you add the sugar to the butter; then, you add two eggs.
- You go up the stairs and turn right.
- To talk about what happens in books, plays and
- In the film, a young woman travels to the countryside and soon falls in love.
- To use with state verbs when the meaning is not
temporary. These verbs often describe a state rather than an action and therefore do not normally have
- Verbs that describe senses: see, hear, smell, taste,
feel, look, sound
The coffee tastes really bitter.
- Note: when something is happening now, we
I canít see anything. Itís too dark.
- Verbs of possession: have, belong, possess,
This camera belongs to my wife.
- Verbs of perception: know, believe, understand,
forget, think, remember
I think she's too young to get married.
- Verbs of emotion: care, like, dislike, love, hate,
mind, prefer, enjoy, adore
Do you mind if I open the window?
I adore my husband.
- Verbs of description: seem, mean, look like,
contain, sound, resemble, weigh
You resemble my father.
- Verbs that describe senses: see, hear, smell, taste, feel, look, sound
Continuous verbs are usually active verbs (verbs
such as to learn), that refer to an action. Stative
verbs (such as to like), refer to a state, and are usually used
in simple tenses, e.g. I like this song. Who sings it? NOT
liking this song as to like is a state, not an action.
Some verbs such as to feel have both an active and a stative meaning.