IELTS Reading 1 - Passage 2

Reading Tip: summary completion

In one type of summary task, you have to complete a gapped summary of part or all of the text using words from a box. Don't always expect words or phrases in the box to be the same as in the text. They may be words with similar meaning or the same word in a different form, so read both the text and the summary carefully.

Questions 14-19

Complete the summary below using words from the box.


When Singapore became an independent, self-sufficient state it decided to build up its 14 , and government organisations were created to support this policy. However, this initial plan met with limited success due to a shortage of 15 and land. It was therefore decided to develop the 16 sector of the economy instead.

Singapore is now a leading city, but planners are working to ensure that its economy continues to grow. In contrast to previous policies, there is emphasis on 17 . In addition, land will be recovered to extend the financial district, and provide 18 as well as housing. The government also plans to improve the quality of Singapore's environment, but due to the shortage of natural landscapes it will concentrate instead on what it calls 19 .

Questions 20-26

Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 2?

In boxes 20-26 on your answer sheet write

TRUEif the statement agrees with the information
FALSEif the statement contradicts the information
NOT GIVENif there is no information on this

20After 1965, the Singaporean government switched the focus of the island's economy. 

21The creation of Singapore's financial centre was delayed while a suitable site was found. 

22Singapore's four regional centres will eventually be the same size as its central business district. 

23Planners have modelled new urban developments on other coastal cities. 

24Plants and trees are amongst the current priorities for Singapore's city planners. 

25The government has enacted new laws to protect Singapore's old buildings. 

26Singapore will find it difficult to compete with leading cities in other parts of the world. 


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