IELTS Reading 4 - Passage 2

Questions 14-17

The Reading Passage has six paragraphs A-F.

Choose the correct heading for each paragraph from the list of headings below.

Write your answers in boxes 14-17 on your answer sheet.

List of Headings
i Effects of irrigation on sedimentation
ii The danger of flooding the Cairo area
iii Causing pollution in the Mediterranean
iv Interrupting a natural process
v The threat to food production
vi Less valuable sediment than before
vii Egypt's disappearing coastline
viii Looking at the long-term impact

ExampleParagraph A vii

14Paragraph B 

ExampleParagraph C vi

15Paragraph D 

16Paragraph E 

17Paragraph F 

Reading Tip

In the exam, you may be asked to demonstrate that you understand the points of view expressed in a text. You will be given a list of statements which each represents an opinion. You have to read the text to find out if the writer expresses these opinions or not. If the writer shares the opinion in the statement, your answer will be YES. If the writer contradicts the statement, your answer will be NO. If it is impossible to know from the text what the writer's opinion is about that subject, your answer will be NOT GIVEN. The information in the text will be in the same order as the list of statements.

Questions 18-23

Do the following statements agree with the information given in the Reading Passage?

In boxes 18-23 on your answer sheet, write

YESif the statement agrees with the writer's claims
NOif the statement contradicts the writer's claims
NOT GIVENif there is impossible to say what the writer thinks about this

18Coastal erosion occurred along Egypt's Mediterranean coast before the building of the Aswan dams. 

19Some people predicted that the Aswan dams would cause land loss before they were built. 

20The Aswan dams were built to increase the fertility of the Nile delta. 

21Stanley found that the levels of sediment in the river water in Cairo were relatively high. 

22Sediment in the irrigation canals on the Nile delta causes flooding. 

23Water is pumped from the irrigation canals into the lagoons. 

Questions 24-26

Complete the following summary of paragraphs E and F.

Choose your answers from the box below.

A artificial floods
B desalination
C delta waterways
D natural floods
E nutrients
F pollutants
G population control
H sediment

In addition to the problem of coastal erosion, there has been a marked increase in the level of contained in the silt deposited in the Nile delta. To deal with this, Stanley suggests the use of in the short term, and increasing the amount of water available through in the longer term.


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