IELTS Reading 8 - Passage 2
16 shortage: In the passage the phrase is plural, teacher shortages, but in the summary the singular form is required.
17 teacher-training: This part of the summary is a clear paraphrase of part of paragraph one in the passage. Remember that hyphenated words count as one word.
18 profession: The answer is in paragraph one. Here, the noun phrase has been changed; the teaching profession in the passage needs to be changed to 'the profession of teaching' to fit in the summary.
19 obvious: Again, the noun phrase has been changed. At the start of paragraph two the passage refers to the government's obvious contempt for the teaching profession. The phrase has been changed in the summary, but the form of the word needed to fill the space need not be changed. (See 18 above.)
20 increasing: The answer is in paragraph three. The word needed to complete the space is the same as that in the passage, although in the passage it functions as an adjective and in the summary as a verb form.
21 recent: The answer is in paragraph four. Here, it is important to recognize the synonyms used in the summary for parts of the text: 'series' in the summary replaces catalogue in the text. Even if you do not know the meaning of certain words, you should be able to work out their meaning from their position in the relative sentences in the original text and the summary.
s11~No~s12~No~s13~Not Given~s14~No~s15~Yes~s16~Yes~s17~Not Given
s18~The opposite is true. In the first paragraph it states: fewer students are entering teacher-training courses.~s19~The answer is to be found in the last sentence of the first paragraph. The writer is being ironic, given the facts stated in the paragraph there should be no surprise: And the government wonders... .~s20~The answer is in the third paragraph. This is what cynics would have us believe; the writer does not say if this is actually the case or not.~s21~The answer is in the last sentence of the third paragraph: 'all teachers' is not the same as most teachers. Note that 'must' indicates deduction/conclusion and therefore opinion.~s22~The answer is in the sixth paragraph. The problem here is the negatives. It is important to check that the text and the statement have the same meaning; in this case 'politicians are not as dangerous as educational theorists' has the same meaning as politicians who know little about classroom practice or educational theorists who know even less, but are more dangerous.~s23~The answer is in the eighth paragraph. The statement is a paraphrase of the last sentence, but it is important to check carefully that there are no differences in questions of this kind; in this case the meaning is the same.~s24~There is no mention of this claim in the text.
s31~The theme throughout the passage is that the teaching profession does not get the respect it deserves from a number of sources. The other headings all refer to only specific sections of the text.
Reading paper for this section
Complete the summary below of the first four paragraphs of
Reading Passage 2.
Choose ONE WORD ONLY from the passage for each answer.
Write your answers in boxes 16-22 on your answer sheet.
Is it surprising that there is a 16 ....................
of teachers? Schools do not have enough teachers, but what are the reasons
for this? To begin with, fewer students are going into
after finishing school. But this is not young people's fault. The
of teaching has been under constant attack over the last ten years. The
government's lack of respect for the profession is
Moreover, administratively, the flow of bureaucracy is
Even pupils in schools have no respect for those who teach them, as a
series of assaults on teachers shows. The growing strain and stress means
that, as well as fewer applications for teacher-training courses, teachers
who have experience and are
are also being driven out.|
Do the following statements agree with the information given in
In boxes 23-29 on your answer sheet, write
if the statement agrees with the claims of the writer|
NO||if the statement contradicts the claims
of the writer|
if it is impossible to say what the writer thinks about this|
More students are entering teacher-training courses.
The government is right to be surprised that there are problems in schools.
Teachers are too weighed down by administrative duties to stir up trouble.
All teachers are cynics.
Politicians are not as dangerous as educational theorists, who know even
less than the former about educational theory.
Any experienced classroom practitioner knows that the initiatives on
teaching and learning that governments have tried to impose on schools do
The government's attitude with regard to teachers is of great interest to
the general public.
Choose the appropriate letter A-D and write it in box
30 on your answer sheet.
Which one of the
following is the most
suitable title for the
difficulties in the