IELTS Vocabulary: Compare and Contrast

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The charts below show reasons why people own a car or travel by public transport.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.

IELTS Writing Task 1

Complete the answer by filling the gaps with an expression from the box below.

the same as
on the contrary
at the same time
compared with
by contrast
in the same way
in contrast to this
on the other hand
in comparison with

The first pie chart shows reasons why some people prefer to drive. , the second chart shows reasons why others regularly travel by public transport.

The two most popular reasons for owning a car are freedom and independence, with 29% stating this.This percentage is for those who enjoy driving. , the majority of people who use public transport do so because owning a car is too expensive for them. 3696 of people say this. , 25% of those in the survey state that they have not passed the driving test. For these two groups, it is not a matter of choice. 20% of those who travel on public transport do so because they have concerns about the effect that cars have on the environment, so this group choose not to drive whether or not they can.

18% of drivers feel that they need to have a car because they have children. Another practical reason for driving is that it saves time, and 16% said this, , 8% said that they drive a car because it gives them a higher position in society, even though they may not need to drive. Of the remainder who travel by public transport, 12% say they dislike driving, 7% who feel that driving is too dangerous.

On the whole, it seems that most people would prefer to own a car if they could, a minority make a conscious choice to use public transport.


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